Research
and Statistics 
on Homeschooling

Homeschooling by the numbers

With an explosion of growth during the 2019-2020 school year, there are now an estimated 4 – 5 million homeschool students in grades K-12 in the United States. Previously, the homeschool population had been growing at an estimated 2% to 8% per annum over the past several years.
Source: NHERI

Homeschooling More Than Doubles During the Pandemic

State-level data show just how dramatic the surge in homeschooling has been. Read more here.

Why do families choose to homeschool? 

Families choose to homeschool for many reasons, and when surveyed, their answers are varied. The most common motivations given by parents are:

  • The freedom to customizing or individualize the curriculum and learning environment for each child
  • The ability to accomplish more academically than in schools.
  • To enhance family relationships between children and parents and among siblings.
  • To provide guided and reasoned social interactions with youthful peers and adults
  • To protect minority children from racism in public schools or lower expectations of children of color

 

  • As an alternative education approach when public or private institutional schools are closed due to acute health situations such as related to disease
  • To provide a safer environment for children and youth, because of physical violence, drugs and alcohol, psychological abuse, racism, and improper and unhealthy sexuality associated with institutional school
  • To teach and impart a particular set of values, beliefs, and worldview
  • To give their children a sense of their historic and cultural roots

Who is Homeschooling? 

Homeschoolers are a demographically wide variety of people. Homeschoolers include atheists, Christians, and Mormons; conservatives, libertarians, and liberals; low-, middle-, and high-income families; black, Hispanic, and white; parents with Ph.D.s, GEDs, and no high school diplomas. Read more here. 

One nationwide study shows that 41% of homeschool students are Black, Asian, Hispanic, and other non-white races.

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Homeschool Students Who are Black, Asian, Hispanic, or Non-white

Additional Reading on Diversity and Homeschooling:

The Rise of Homeschooling Among Black Families

Resisting the Status Quo: The Narratives of Black Homeschoolers

African American Homeschool Parents’ Motivations for Homeschooling and Their Black Children’s Academic Achievement

African American Homeschooling as Racial Protectionism

Exploring Single Black Mothers' Resistance Through Homeschooling

Does homeschooling or private schooling promote political intolerance? Evidence from a Christian University

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